According to the eight months of the McKinsey global institute study, 30% of the worldwide working hours will be automated, up to 800 million people worldwide (including the United States one-third of the Labour force and the German one-third of the Labour force) will lose their jobs. Studies have shown that at the same time, the workers not only need to find a new job, or even half of them (about 375 million people, accounted for 14% of global Labour) may have to look for a new career, because their work in the previous may disappear, the artificial or need to reduce.
Below will introduce automation is how to affect labor: according to the report, although the automation may reduce some work, but for others, automated means changing duties: work, 60% of jobs contains at least 30% can realize automation. Automation will also create new jobs, said Michael Chui, lead author of the report. “it’s not just new jobs, but new jobs.” In automobile industry, for example, car instead of carriage, which means that the shoe manufacturers and transportation cleaner unemployment, but the new work, such as auto assemblers and gas station attendants, in their new position.
Michael choi says that although a third of workers are likely to lose their jobs by 2030, unemployment is likely to decline. Because the speed of automation is different in different industries. Since automation causes unemployment to range from zero to 30% (virtue and other countries), by that time overall unemployment will be between 15% and 20%. And that proportion will vary depending on circumstances, such as technology levels and employers’ specific hiring policies.
Low-income and high-income workers may be relatively safe, because employers will seek more executives, depend on low income earners to finish the work at the same time, but middle-income workers will feel the greatest pressure, because they will work more in the transition stage. In other words, income does not determine who loses a job; for example, a lawyer’s salary may be high, but his job is likely to be automated. This could be a good time for employers to raise wages because they need to find efficient and motivated employees, the researchers note.
Some urban automation may make Labour more miserable than in other cities. Las Vegas may be hardest hit by technological advances, according to Jess Chen, a researcher at the institute of space economic analysis. By 2035, about 65% of the city’s jobs will be replaced by automation, such as food preparation, office and sales. She wrote, if the amount of using robot continues to grow at the same speed, so there will be about 18 million to 2035, industrial robot, the workload may be the same as the 100 million U.S. workers workload.
Research suggests that will soon be in the field of automation staff should start the transition stage now, rise of technology in the field of learning and its corresponding new skills, and seek to supplement or enhance the automation work. “You hear people say there’s a robot disaster,” choi said. Employees will have to be retrained, which can be a challenge for employers. Society will also have to invest in more infrastructure, such as construction, to guarantee employment. “People have to be willing to change jobs constantly, or pay cuts somewhere to learn the skills needed to automate,” says Kropp.